Rural architecture

Rural architecture

The rural buildings of Champdepraz and Champorcher, built with materials found on the spot (stone and wood), are similar to those found in other municipalities of the lower Valle d’Aosta; in Boden and Gettaz des Allemands, the only known Walser settlements on the right bank of the Dora Baltea river, the building typologies of transalpine origin have almost completely disappeared.

At high altitudes the stables and houses built in the past are very small in size, to cope with the difficult environmental conditions. At medium-low altitude, the construction typologies are varied and buildings of considerable historical and architectural value can be seen.

Rural houses can be “dissociated” (several separate buildings intended for different uses) or “concentrated” with a single building comprising the home (“lo pejo”), the stable (“l'htabio”) and the barn (“lo payi(c)”). There are also:
the “grisse”, a small stone building used for drying chestnuts (placed on a grid ceiling and smoked to kill parasites);
the “reucard”, a barn for sheaves built in dressed Larch trunks;
the “dzerbì”, storage for sheaves closed on three sides and overlooking the threshing floor.

Other typical elements of rural sites are the terraces or steps with dry stone walls and the accumulations of stones (“meurdzere”) deriving from a continuous manual work for reclaiming the pastures.